Forest Restoration












Redwood Images

The coast redwood forest is a dynamic place. The images below try to capture this.
Please credit the photographer if these photos are used. All photos were taken by Steve Norman except where indicated.
Epicormic branching after logging; Headwaters Reserve
Complex canopies, Redwood National Park
Annual dead leaf production, Arcata Community Forest
^Epicormic branches are common on coast redwood after both logging and fire.
^Complex redwood canopies provide nesting sites for protected Marbled Murrelets.
^High annual litter production can allow fires to burn frequently in coast redwood.
A burned out redwood; Headwaters Forest
Absent rings under the microscope
A burned out redwood; Headwaters Reserve
^The hollow and charred remnants of ancient redwoods are common across the species range.
^Redwood are notorious for their partially absent rings; this impedes the progress of fire science.
^A Douglas fir and coast redwood shade this redwood snag in Headwaters Forest.
The 1945 Trinidad fire was severe because it mostly burned through logging residue. Credit: Anonymous.
The Canoe fire burning a cavity. 10-2003
Canoe fire effects in old growth.
^The 1945 Trinidad fire burned west from coastal Sitka spruce forest. [Anon.]
^The 2003 Canoe fire destablized trees by burning out their basal cavities.
^Fire enlarged old growth redwood hollows and partially girdled many other ancient trees.
Canoe fire scorching
Canoe fire brushfields
Canoe fire aerial mortality
^The Canoe fire scorched bark and logs on alluvial flats.
^These shrubs on Grasshopper Peak were top killed, but resprouted.
^Mortality was high on dry upper slopes as is typical of most fires of the region. [Rocco Fiori, CDPR]
Canoe fire canopy resprouting
Canoe fire canopy
Epicormic sprouting several years after the Canoe fire.
^Although fire seemed to kill some redwoods, many canopies resprouted during 2004.
^By October of 2004, canopies were visibly recovering, but canopy cover was reduced overall.
^This lower slope burned hot, killing the Douglas fir and defoliating the redwood. The "pipe-cleaners" are redwood branches resprouting.
Canoe fire girdling; complete loss of bark. This tree died two years later.
Canoe fire bark loss
Canoe fire litter cover
^A few old growth redwood were girdled and died. Fire burned through this tree's bark to expose the sapwood.
^It is likely that nearly all old redwood formed thermal wounds at their base. Most scars will heal over within 10 years.
^One year after the Canoe fire, litter was nearly continuous. A reburn is now possible, consistent with the tree ring record.
Blowdown, Arcata Community Forest.
Prairie Creek State Park in winter.
Canoe fire basal sprouting
^This large gap formed by a winter storm event in the Arcata Community Forest.
^Did humid coast redwood burn? Yes, but we still aren't sure how often.
^Many redwoods sprouted at their base, even when they exhibited little visible damage.
Blowdown, Arcata Community Forest
Canoe fire understory vegetation.
Banana slug on a bear clawed redwood.
^A recent blowdown in the Arcata Community Forest.
^This False Solomon's Seal (Smilacina stellata) thrives after the 2003 Canoe fire.
^This banana slug glides up a young redwood recently debarked by a bear. Note the white claw marks.
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